i) Government of India has approved the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) in pursuance of its policy of introducing e-Governance on a massive scale. The NeGP vision is to “Make all Government Services accessible to the common man in his locality, through common service delivery outlets and ensure efficiency, transparency and reliability of such services at affordable costs to realize the basic needs of the common man”. An important component of the NeGP are projects, which fall essentially within the domain of the State Governments. The State Governments naturally will prioritise/choose amongst these projects.
ii) The nature and scale of e-governance initiatives planned within the domain of the State Governments, present a considerable enhancement in the aspiration level of government. Major managerial and technological challenges are one consequence of this, particularly in the context of the need for implementation of these projects in a "mission mode" with clearly defined goals, timelines and responsibilities by concerned departments of the State Governments. There is also a need to manage the entire programme at the state level in a coherent manner with consistent strategies for cost optimisation and integration. For achieving this, the State Governments need to provide for overall direction, standardisation and consistency across initiatives and at the same time, have the resources and flexibility to drive this plan.
iii) Need for Capacity Building -Keeping in view the enormous task of driving NeGP in line with the overall spirit of service orientation most states are inadequately equipped in terms of personnel and the skill-sets needed to handle the host of issues involved. For NeGP to achieve its goals, this is the first gap that needs to be addressed and needed to handle the challenges that are likely to be faced in implementing vision and objectives of NeGP. These include:
Capacity Building Scheme for an outlay of Rs 313 Crores for all the States/UTs for taking National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) forward across the country has been approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affaires (CCEA) on 10th January 2008. The scheme is mainly for providing technical & professional support to State level policy & decision-making bodies and to develop specialized skills for e-governance. The scheme for a period of three years and will be implemented by the Department of Information Technology, Government of India. The scheme envisions:
As NeGP in the states would be cutting across departments, it is expected that the State Government at the highest levels would be providing leadership, direction and vision for e-Governance, which would result in broad roadmap and prioritisation of the projects.
Capacity Building and Institutional Framework under NeGP
To facilitate the State administration and to carry out the groundwork for the project implementation at Sate level adequate support through a dedicated, professional team need to be in place with appropriate skill-sets and aptitude at three levels:
To achieve the policy goals and objectives of NeGP , Apex Committee in all the State/UTs has been set up to provide strategy direction and oversee the State e-Governance program & ensure inter - departmental co-ordination A suggested composition is as follows:
|(ii)||Secretary (IT) / Secretary (e-Governance) or any other Secretary designated by State Government||Member Convener|
|(v)||Secretary (Administrative Reforms)||Member|
|(vii)||SIO (NIC, State unit)||Member|
|(viii)||Representatives of departments taking up e-Governance projects under SeGP||Invitees|
|(ix)||Domain /Technical experts||Members/special Invitees|
A State e-Governance Mission Team (SeMT) has been suggested to all States/UTs needs to be formed to support the Apex Committee and function as the secretariat and full time internal advisory body in undertaking e-Governance projects. This team would be responsible for undertaking the groundwork for providing for an overall direction, standardisation and consistency through program management of the e-Governance initiatives in the State. A pool of resources having expertise in the area of Project management, Change Management, Technology Management and Finance Management are being selected and deployed through wet leasing arrangement. Some of the States/UTs have already deployed and some are under process referee at Annexure-I.
Various departments of the State Government taking up e-Governance projects would require a full time dedicated Project e-Governance Mission Team (PeMT). This team would function as the secretariat reporting to the project leader. This team would oversee project execution and would manage implementation and deal with technology, process & change management related issues. This team would also manage outsourcing tasks like :
As per approval of the Empowered Committee under the chairmanship of Secretary (IT), Rs. 46.63 Crores as Additional Central Assistance (ACA) to 28 States and DeitY Grant of Rs.62.90 Crores to 35 States/UTs has been released. The guideline for utilization of CB funds has also been issued to all States/UTs
|State / UT||Sanctioned
|Andaman & Nicobar||5||5||0|
|Dadra & Nagar Haveli||5||5||0|
|Daman & Diu||5||3||2|
|Jammu & Kashmir||7||6||1|