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The Government of India's liberalization and economic reforms programme aims at rapid and substantial economic growth and integration with the global economy in a harmonized manner. The new policies have made governmental procedures transparent, eliminated licensing in almost all sectors and provide encouragement to entrepreneurship through market friendly systems. The Industrial Policy reforms have drastically reduced the industrial licensing requirements, removed restrictions on investment and expansion and facilitated easy access to foreign technology and foreign direct investment. An outward looking and liberal trade policy is one of the main features of India economic reforms. In line with its mission of formulating a transparent investor friendly environment, the Government has done away with the complex pre-entry approvals. Foreign Direct Investment today can enter India in most sectors through the automatic route. India is a signatory to the Information Technology Agreement (ITA-1) of the World Trade Organization.
India has the potential to develop and manufacture Electronics hardware for the global markets and gain higher global share besides meeting the country future requirement in the converging areas of information, communication and entertainment. The Government has identified growth of Electronics hardware manufacturing sector as a thrust area. The National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council (NMCC) has been set up by the Government to provide a continuing forum for policy dialogue to energise and sustain the growth of manufacturing industries in India, including IT Hardware.
Over the years, Foreign Trade Policy for Electronics and IT products has been liberalized, Customs and Excise procedures simplified and customs duty on specified capital goods and raw materials for electronics hardware has been brought down to zero%. Electronics Hardware Technology Park (EHTP) and Special Economic Zones (SEZ) schemes have been tailored to boost manufacturing in the country.
According to a recent study, the demand for Electronics hardware will grow very rapidly. The demand for hardware will be fuelled by the high growth rate of the Indian economy, aspirations of the younger generation and the large middle class in India with increasing disposable incomes. There is a big opportunity for stepping up production of Electronics hardware in the country.
Electronics Hardware Manufacturing comprises the following sub-sectors:
- Consumer Electronics
- Industrial Electronics
- Communication & Broadcast Equipment
- Strategic Electronics
Market Drivers for Electronics Hardware products
- 6.78 million PCs sold; Installed base: 30 million (as on 31.3.2009)
- 15.5 million TVs sold; Installed base: 150 million (as on 31.3.2009)
- Over 7 million DVD players sold (FY 2008-09)
- Internet users: over 60 million (as on 31.3.2009)
- Broadband subscribers: 7.21 million (as on 30.9.2009)
- Telecom subscription in India has crossed 500 million mark in September 2009.
- Mobile Installed base: 471.70 million subscribers (as on 30.9.2009)
- 10-12 million mobile subscribers added per month.
- Tele-density has reached 43.50 at the end of September 2009.