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Intelligent Transportation System (ITS)
Imagine driving your way through the monstrous bumper to bumper Delhi traffic. Blasting horns, reckless Bluelines, motorcycles whizzing past, endless auto rickshaws, lazy Bullocks vying for space there’s no solution to the complete chaos and madness. It’s just not Delhi’s story, keeping traffic moving is a problem faced globally at all the levels of government. However the good news is that solution may just be round the corner with the implementation of Intelligent Transport System ITS in short.
The coming into picture of Intelligent Transport System (ITS) holds promise for a sustainable and balanced transportation solution. Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) is essentially the application of computer and communications technologies coming in aid of the transport problems. ITS technologies enable gathering of data or intelligence and then providing timely feedback to traffic managers and road-users. ITS results in improved safety to drivers, better traffic efficiency, reduced traffic congestion, improved energy efficiency and environmental quality and enhanced economic productivity. Some examples of ITS include Advanced Traffic Management Systems, Advanced Traveller Information Systems, Advanced Vehicle Control Systems, Electronic Toll Collection Systems, Advanced Public Transportation Systems et al. ITS endeavour for Indian cities is initiated with collaborative projects between the department and research and academic institutions having requisite expertise. As part of this ambitious programme 8 sub projects have been identified by CDAC, Thiruvananthapuram (nodal agency) with IITs(Chennai and Mumbai ) and IIM, Kolkata as the other participating agencies. These 8 state- of- the-art sub projects have been initiated for development and demonstration through field implementation to the end users.
As part of this project an embedded Centre of Excellence on ITS will be created at CDAC, Thiruvananthapuram, which would function as a national resource centre in the country. Towards this objective, necessary infrastructure will be created through this project at the Nodal Centre. These technologies will be made available to the interested industries for their commercial exploitation. Here’s a table of the 8 ITS Sub projects and the likely end-users.
|Sub project/ ITS technology||Likely End Users|
|Wireless Traffic Control System||Traffic police and local authorities|
|Second Generation Area Traffic Control System ( CoSiCoSt- II)||Medium and large cities deploying ATCS|
|Real Time Traffic Counting & Monitoring System||Traffic Planners and development authorities|
|Intelligent Parking Lot Management System||Town planners & local authorities|
|Advanced Travellers Information System||General public and traffic planners|
|Intelligent Transit Trip Planner and Realtime Route Information||General public and traffic planners|
|Red Light Violation Detection System||Traffic police|
|Intelligent Traffic Congestion Management System using RFID||Traffic planners and development authorities|